Sustainability@Universiti Sains Malaysia

USM has started to embrace education for sustainable development (ESD) and “University as a Living Lab” approach since 2000 through the concept of Kampus Sejahtera (Healthy Campus) and University in a Garden. Continuing its sustainability journey, in 2015, USM has embedded 17 Sustainable Development Goals within its ecosphere. USM aims at promoting sustainability among the community within and outside the campus through education and research activities.


Sustainability, as defined by the United Nations is development which takes care of current needs, without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Its three-pillar conception (economy, social and environment), represented by three intersecting circles with overall sustainability at the center is an integral concept towards Sustainable Development (SD). SD is viewed as niche area of development and an integral element of policy development towards the utilization of natural resources, integration of environmental and development, right to development and opportunity for equity. USM-APEX blueprint, Transforming Higher Education for a Sustainable Tomorrow, calls for a systemic institutional adoption of the principles and practices of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). As put forward by The World Conference on Education for Sustainable Development (2009), ESD is an approach to teaching and learning based on the ideals and principles that underlie sustainability. As an effort to create a world-class institution in championing sustainability through excellent education, research, and engagement, USM is committed in transforming the university into a sustainability led institution. Five universal principles as outlined in our Sustainability Roadmap are:

(i) Living within our environmental means,

(ii) Ensuring a progressive, equitable and healthy society,

(iii) Achieving a sustainable economy,

(iv) Enhancing sound science-policy interactions, and

(v) Promoting good governance.

The key attributes of a sustainability-led university are:

  • Sustainability vision elaborated through a mission or policy statement.
  • A whole-institution approach in framing sustainability action plan.
  • The integration of sustainability in all aspects of university’s operations and institutions.
  • Embedding sustainability in the formal and informal learning through creative and practical engagement.
  • Culture of sustainability for improvement and enhancement of societal wellbeing.

Our Initiatives

Carbon Footprint

  carbon footprint   

Environmental Assessment

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Sustainability Report


Sustainability Data Collection



Consultation Appointment




Brown Field Site




News and Activities

THE-IR 2023

November 2022

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Centre for Global Sustainability Studies (CGSS),
Aras 5, Perpustakaan Hamzah Sendut,
Universiti Sains Malaysia,
11800 Pulau Pinang
Phone : 04 - 6535429 I Fax : 04 - 6535273
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.ic person pin black 18dp 1x